Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2, Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest sovereign state in Western Asia, the second-largest in the Arab world (after Algeria), the fifth-largest in Asia, and the 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from the Sinai (Egypt) in the north-west by the Gulf of Aqaba. Most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland, steppe and mountains. Saudi Arabia has one of the world’s youngest populations, with approximately 50 percent of its population of 34 million being under 25 years old.
The territory that now constitutes Saudi Arabia was the site of several ancient cultures and civilizations. The prehistory of Saudi Arabia shows some of the earliest traces of human activity in the world. The world’s second-largest religion, Islam, emerged in modern-day Saudi Arabia. In the early 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad united the population of Arabia and created a single Islamic religious polity. Following his death in 632, his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Arabia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory in a matter of decades. The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of mainly four distinct historical regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia (‘Asir). The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud. He united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud. Saudi Arabia has since been an absolute monarchy governed along Islamist lines.
Petroleum was discovered on 3 March 1938 and followed up by several other finds in the Eastern Province. Saudi Arabia has since become the world’s second largest oil producer (behind the US) and the world’s largest oil exporter, controlling the world’s second largest oil reserves and the sixth largest gas reserves. In addition to petroleum and gas, Saudi also has a significant gold mining sector in the ancient Mahd adh Dhahab region and significant other mineral industries, an agricultural sector based on vegetables, fruits, dates etc. and livestock, and large number of temporary jobs created by the roughly two million annual hajj pilgrims.
Currently, Saudi Arabia generates 17 million tons of MSW annually with an average of 1.4 kg/capita/day which is more than the global average of 1.2 kg/capita/day. The current practice for waste disposal in Saudi Arabia includes collecting unsegregated waste from several residential and commercial areas to be sent to open desert landfills. Even though it is expected that most of the landfills will exceed their capacities within a few years, disposal of waste in open landfills is still the dominant method due to good land availability and the relatively low cost of resources. Less than 15% of the collected MSW is recycled informally by scavengers who manually extract paper, metals, and plastics.
Saudi Arabia is experiencing an increase in domestic oil consumption, which accounts for more than 25% of its oil production. This supports other domestic consumption, which is expected to increase annually by 3.4%. This will mount more pressure on the infrastructure and challenge the current practices in municipal services especially in MSW collection and disposal. The best strategy is to maximize clean disposal of waste and, simultaneously, mitigating the waste generation rate at residential areas from the first place. Waste-to-energy practices will serve this target and the need of waste disposal. Concisely, Saudi Arabia is planning to generate energy from using W2E to satisfy 3% of the growing domestic forecasted demands by year 2030.
WOIMA has the perfect solution to help KSA to reach their waste recycling and energy recovery targets to reduce the waste-induced challenges. We have developed a decentralized waste management and power generation solution named “WOIMA Ecosystem” that helps countries and cities to cope with the increasing waste challenges that they are facing. WOIMA Ecosystem recycles the waste into raw materials and energy in the most efficient manner reducing the waste quantity by over 95%. The small-to-medium size WOIMA Ecosystems are distributed close to where the waste is generated, thus offering significant waste logistics and power distribution savings in addition to solving the waste problem.
WOIMA ECOSYSTEM FOR 250 TONS PER DAY OF MSW
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WOIMA Corporation is a Finnish supplier of best-in-class waste-to-value products, projects and services worldwide. We have developed solutions that enable us, and the customer, to transform and recycle virtually any waste stream into raw materials and energy. At WOIMA we combine Finnish engineering know-how in waste management with power generation design expertise. These solutions are used in Finland every day. They support the circular economy ideology and ensure that less than 1% of Finland’s waste ends up in landfills.
Our mission is to improve quality of life both locally and globally, as well as empower people to utilize waste as a commodity. Our decades of international project management experience ensure an on-time, in-budget and high-quality WOIMA solution delivery across the globe.
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